Noriko Noma is a Ph.D. student in Japanese Linguistics from Osaka, Japan. After receiving her B.A. from Soka University of America in Aliso Viejo, CA, she received her M.A. in Education from Soka University in Hachioji, Tokyo, specializing in Japanese Language Education. She received her second M.A. in Japanese Linguistics from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa. Her main research interests are Japanese as a Second Language, Sociolinguistics, Conversation Analysis, Discourse Analysis, and Second Language Acquisition.