Lucas Klein, writer, translator, and editor, came to the School of Chinese in 2013 from City University of Hong Kong. A graduate of Middlebury College (BA) and Yale University (PhD), with Haun Saussy and Jonathan Stalling he edited The Chinese Written Character as a Medium for Poetry: A Critical Edition, by Ernest Fenollosa and Ezra Pound (Fordham University Press, 2008), and with Clayton Eshleman he co-translated Endure, a collection of Bei Dao ÂåóÂ≥∂ poems (Black Widow Press, 2011). His translation Notes on the Mosquito: Selected Poems of Xi Chuan Ë•øÂ∑ù (New Directions, 2012) won the 2013 Lucien Stryk Prize for Asian poetry in translation and was shortlisted for the Best Translated Book Award in poetry (for more, see http://xichuanpoetry.com). He is at work translating Tang dynasty poet Li Shangyin ÊùéÂïÜÈö± and seminal contemporary poet Mang Ke ËäíÂÖã.
Title: Foreign Echoes & Discerning the Soil: Translation, Chineseness, & World Literature in Chinese Poetry
What constitutes the relationship between world literature and Chineseness? How has translation shaped Chinese poetry, and can translation be understood as at the foundation not only of world literature, but of Chineseness, as well? This talk will begin to answer these questions by demonstrating how Chineseness as an aspect of the Chinese poetic tradition is itself a result of translation. Looking at Chinese poetry’s negotiation with concepts central to translation—nativization and foreignization, or the work’s engagement with the Chinese historical heritage or foreign literary texts and contexts, respectively—I argue not only that Chinese poetry can be understood as translation, but for an understanding of the role of such translation in the constitution of both Chineseness and world literature. After contextualizing recent debates in the field of Sinology and translation studies, I will examine the work of Bian Zhilin Âçû‰πãÁê≥ (1910 – 2000) and his implicit vision for a world literature able to merge the Chinese literary heritage with Western influence. Since debates around world literature, especially in Chinese literary studies, focus on the modern era, however, I shift focus with a discussion of the Tang dynasty (618 – 907), when China had earlier become highly international, even cosmopolitan, in a detailed look at the history of regulated verse (lüshi ÂæãË©©), describing not only its origins in Sanskrit but how it maintained associations with Buddhism. Following this, I consider the work of Du Fu ÊùúÁî´ (712 – 770) to understand how the canonization of his work nativized regulated verse through its historiography. I conclude with a reconsideration of the ethics of world literature and translation in determining our understanding of the local.