Doctoral Programs

Preparation and Admission

The same general conditions regarding preparation and admission noted for the M.A. program apply to the doctoral program. However, candidates for admission to the doctoral program must have a 3.5 GPA. Candidates for admission to the doctoral program must have the support of one faculty member within whose general area the student proposes to work. Information on requirements and procedures for admission is available from the Graduate College and the department.

The department may admit a student with a B.A. directly into one of the Ph.D. programs if that student shows exceptional promise in his or her field and if there is strong backing from at least one faculty member. In such cases, the student is responsible for fulfilling all normal requirements for the appropriate M.A. program before beginning work for the Ph.D.

 

China-Area Ph.D. Program

The China Ph.D. program is divided into three fields. Two of these fields constitute the major; one constitutes the minor.

 

The Major

One field may be taken in the student’s major discipline but focused upon another country or cultural area.

Major Fields

Chinese History
  1. Pre-modern
  2. Ming-Ch’ing
  3. Modern China
     
Chinese Religion and Thought
  1. Pre-Ch’in and Han thought
  2. Buddhism in China
  3. Neo-Confucianism
     
Chinese Literature
 
  1. Criticism and theory
  2. Classical
  3. Modern
     
Linguistics
 
  1. Chinese linguistics
     
Cultural Anthropology
 
  1. Chinese anthropology
  2. Popular culture

 

The Minor

Two doctoral fields constitute the minor. The minor fields must be chosen from any of the fields of study acceptable to the Graduate College. (See the College’s list, “Major Fields for Doctoral Degrees;” the minor must be drawn from the same list.) The minor is often taken from a department other than the student’s home department, and it must be discipline based. The minor department sets the minimum number of units of work required.

 

General Information

[See also “M.A. General Information”] The Ph.D. program must be designed with care, in discussions between the student, the student’s advisor, and the graduate advisor. The designing of the major and minor fields should be discussed with and agreed to by the student’s major academic advisor. All requirements established by the Graduate College must be satisfied. Any academic deficiencies identified by the advisors and the student’s Comprehensive Examination Committee must be remedied.

The Graduate Catalog explains the basic academic unit and residence requirements for Ph.D. students. The completion of the program requires passing the Comprehensive examination and the preparation and defense of a dissertation.

 

Ph.D. Examinations

These include the Qualifying Examination, the Comprehensive Examination, and the Final Defense. All doctoral oral examinations are conducted in English. See the Graduate Catalog for information. Further information may be obtained from the Graduate Advisor.

 

Time Limitation

The Ph.D. program must be completed within 10 years of the earliest course work listed on the student’s “Doctoral Degree Study Program.” The department must formally review any student in the program for four years who has not yet completed the comprehensive exams before allowing the student to continue. Those who do not have an approved dissertation topic within one year of passing the comprehensive exam will be reviewed by the faculty before being allowed to continue.

 

Application of M.A. Units and Transfer Units Toward Ph.D. Requirements

With departmental approval, a student’s M.A. units earned here or at another approved institution may be applied toward the Ph.D. requirements. Students should be advised that the Graduate College requires that 30 units of graduate credit must be earned at the University of Arizona. Ph.D. students must also meet residence requirements.

 

Committees

At the end of the first semester if possible, but not later than the completion of the second semester of residence in the Ph.D. program, the student and the Graduate Advisor will select, on a tentative basis, the five members of the doctoral committee. These committee members will represent the proposed fields of study of the candidate; in the case of a split minor, the Committee will be expanded to six. The student will obtain the consent of each faculty member, along with initial suggestions for the student’s development in each of his/her fields. The original faculty sponsor of the student will ordinarily serve as the student’s major academic advisor and chair of his or her committee.

 

Qualifying Examination

The Qualifying Examination will be conducted by the student’s doctoral committee as soon as possible after that committee has been constituted. This examination will entail a discussion of the student’s program, strengths and weaknesses. The committee will complete the “Report on the Qualifying Examination” form to be filed in the departmental office. It will also note the results of the exam and provide the required signatures on the Graduate College’s “Doctoral Degree Study Program” form concerning the Qualifying Exam.

The committee members will also sign the “East Asian Studies M.A. and Ph.D. Committee” form obtained from the Graduate Advisor or Graduate Secretary, to indicate formally their willingness to serve as the continuing doctoral committee of the student. After this form is completed by the student, it must be filed with the Graduate Secretary. This form is to be submitted to the department before the end of the second semester of study.

 

Academic Progress

Late in the fourth semester of the student’s Ph.D. program, the major academic advisor will convene the student’s Committee to assess the student’s progress and to make recommendations to the student on the continuation of the program. The Committee’s evaluation and its recommendations will be written up and placed on file in the departmental office, using the “Committee Progress Report” form. A copy of this record will be given to the student by the major academic advisor and thoroughly discussed.

 

Doctoral Plan of Study

During the third semester in residence, students must file the Doctoral Plan of Study Form, which lists the courses that will comprise the student’s program.

 

Comprehensive Examination

Both the written and the oral portions of the Comprehensive Examination for the Ph.D. Program in East Asian Studies have a two-fold purpose: to determine students’ (1) competence in their major and minor areas of specialization; (2) readiness to undertake dissertation research. Specific questions will address these areas.

Each member of the student’s committee will prepare written questions for the student to answer as parts of this examination. The written portions of the examination must have been substantially completed before the student can schedule the oral portion of the exam.

It is expected that the Comprehensive Examination will be completed within four years of enrollment in the program. Any exceptions must be approved by the Head. Students ordinarily will have completed all required course work prior to taking the exam, or be in their last semester of classes. The Chinese language proficiency requirements must also be completed before the Comprehensive Examination is scheduled. The student should also have completed most of the preparation necessary for meeting the Japanese language requirement.

The semester before the Comprehensive Examinations are to be taken (by November 1 or April 1) the candidate should request that the East Asian Studies advisor get approval of the programs of study in major (and minor) areas of specialization within East Asian Studies from the committee. If the minor is outside East Asian Studies, the candidate is responsible for getting approval for the minor course of study from the minor department.

 

Committee Makeup and Responsibility

The Committee for both the written and oral portions of the exam will be composed of three faculty in the student’s major area of concentration and two faculty in the student’s minor. The Comprehensive Committee must be approved by the Head. In addition one representative of the graduate college will attend. The Chair of the Committee will be appointed by the Head, in consultation with the candidate.

Candidates should have input to the exam, including giving the committee a brief statement of interest, with a bibliography of items they consider important in their area. This input should be given consideration in preparation of the examination but should not necessarily determine or limit its content.

 

Format and Procedures

The members of the committee have responsibility for preparing questions for the written portion of the exam. Each committee member also decides if his or her portion of the examination is to be a take-home or a sit-down examination. In practice, after taking the first examination students usually space the remaining exams out over several months, the rule being that all written exams must be completed within the two semester deadline set by the Graduate College for elapsed time between written and oral comprehensive examination. Normally two or three broad, integrative questions will be considered appropriate for the major (taking into account the three purposes listed above) and two for the minor. If the minor is not in East Asian Studies, the minor department has the right to require a different format for its component.

The candidate will have seven days (including Saturday and Sunday) to complete each EAS exam as a take-home. Unless instructed otherwise by the Committee Chair, the candidate may have access to books and notes during the exams, but may not discuss the questions with anyone. If procedural questions arise, the candidate should address them to the Chair of the Committee or to the Head.

The oral portion of the Comprehensive Examination is to be scheduled no sooner than three weeks and no later than six months after the completion of the written portion. The candidate has the responsibility for scheduling both written and oral portions of the examination with the Committee.

The candidate is normally informed of the results of the examination at the end of the oral.

 

Languages

Chinese - Students must attain fluency in Chinese.

Japanese - Proficiency in Japanese is required for students in the pre-modern period and can be demonstrated in one of two ways:

  1. By satisfactory completion of a written examination to be administered and evaluated by one member of the China faculty together with one member of the Japan faculty;
     
  2. By completion, with a final grade of B or higher, of the required number of semesters of Japanese language at UA. This will require the completion of at least one semester of Japanese beyond the second year of the Japanese language sequence.
  • ** Students who study Japanese outside of UA must choose option (a) above.

Regular Japanese language classes offered in the department cannot be taken for a grade of Pass/Fail or Audit.

It is the students’ responsibility to begin Japanese language study in a timely fashion during the graduate career at UA and to register early enough each semester to get into the language classes they need. Special allowances will not be made for graduate students due to conflicting schedules, full classes, impending deadlines, or other such reasons.

Other languages - Any further language requirements will be decided by the student’s committee. Modern area students may fulfill this by taking any other language (other than English).

 

Dissertation Topic

In the selection of the dissertation topic, the same procedure described above for the development of the M.A. thesis/departmental paper topic should be followed.

 

 

Japan-Area Ph.D. Program

The Ph.D. program is currently offered in Japanese Linguistics, Literature and Religion.

 

The Linguistics Major

We offer Japanese linguistics majors in the following fields:

  • Discourse Analysis/Conversation Analysis
  • Sociolinguistics
  • Phonetics/Phonology
  • Second Language Acquisition

The Minor: One field must be chosen as the student’s minor field in consultation with the student’s advisor. Minor fields include:

  • Discourse Analysis/Conversation Analysis
  • Gender and Language
  • Second Language Acquisition
  • Sociolinguistics
  • Teaching Japanese as a Second Language
  • Phonetics/Phonology

 

The Literature Major

Students must complete one major field (either Modern or Pre-Modern Japanese Literature), and at least two minor fields, one of which will be in the area of Japanese literature not covered by the major. For example, a student majoring in Modern Japanese Literature will also minor in Pre-Modern Japanese Literature, as well as completing a second minor in the department in one of the following fields: Japanese Religion and Thought, Japanese Linguistics, Japanese History. A minor will be fulfilled by taking 3 graduate level courses in the field. Students are encouraged to complete a third minor field, including ones outside the department, where appropriate.

Core Curriculum for all students. (Substitutions to this core curriculum may be made only with the approval of the chair of the student’s Committee.)

  • 4 survey courses in Japanese literature (2 in modern, 2 in pre-modern: JPN 546a, JPN 546b, JPN 547a, JPN 547b)
  • 3 seminars in Japanese literature (JPN 596a [rpt/3]. Modern specialists will take 2 modern lit. seminars and 1 pre-modern lit. seminar; pre-modern lit. specialists will take 2 pre-modern lit. seminars and 1 modern lit. seminar.)
  • For modern lit. specialists: 1 course from the following: ENG 515 or ENG 554.
  • 1 course in Japanese religion: JPN 585, JPN 586, or JPN 589.
  • 2 courses in Modern Japanese Reading [JPN 521, JPN 522]; for native speakers this requirement is waived; the same holds true for non-native speakers who have fulfilled this requirement through testing or previous course work.
  • Other language requirements: All students are required to take 1 semester of classical Japanese language. Pre-modern students will take one further semester of classical Japanese language, and may be required to demonstrate mastery of either classical Chinese or Kanbun. This can be met by completing 2 semesters of classical Chinese or 2 courses requiring the reading of Kanbun texts. Modern literature students must demonstrate mastery of one approved European language (usually French or German), or modern Chinese. This can be met by demonstrating ability equivalent to 4 semesters of study either through completion of course work or through testing.

 

The Religion Major

Core Curriculum

  • 4 survey courses in East Asian thought and religion (such as EAS 584a, EAS 584b, CHN 583, CHN 584, JPN 585, JPN 586 JPN 589), including at least 2 with a focus on Japan (such as JPN 585, JPN 586, JPN 589).
  • 3 seminars in East Asian thought and religion (such as EAS 596a, CHN 596a; some editions of EAS 596c may also qualify), including at least 2 with a focus on Japan.
  • 2 courses in Japanese history and literature, to be selected in consultation with the advisor.
  • 1 course in Classical Japanese (JPN 505)
  • 2 courses in modern Japanese reading (JPN 521, 522)

The Minor: The minor consists of 12 units in one of the following fields, to be selected in consultation with the advisor: Japanese history, Japanese Literature, Women’s Studies or Anthropology. Students may petition to include other fields.

The Language Requirement: Students must attain fluency in Japanese as well as English, and those specializing in pre-modern religion must also acquire the ability to read both classical Japanese and classical Chinese.

 

General Information

[See also “M.A. General Information”]: The Ph.D. program must be designed with care in discussions between the student and the student’s advisor. The designing of the major and minor fields should be discussed with and agreed to by the student’s major academic advisor. All requirements established by the Graduate College must be satisfied. Any academic deficiencies identified by the advisor and the student’s Comprehensive Examination Committee must be remedied.

The Graduate Catalog explains the basic academic unit and residence requirements for Ph.D. students. The completion of the program requires passing the Comprehensive Examination and the preparation and defense of a dissertation.

 

Ph.D. Examinations

These include the Qualifying Examination, the Comprehensive Examination, and the Final Defense. All doctoral oral examinations are conducted in English. See the Graduate Catalog for information. Further information may be obtained from the Graduate Advisor.

 

Time Limitation

The Ph.D. program must be completed within 10 years of the earliest course work listed on the student’s “Doctoral Degree Study Program.” The department must formally review any student in the program for four years who has not yet completed the comprehensive exams before allowing the student to continue. Those who do not have an approved dissertation topic within one year of passing the comprehensive exam will be reviewed by the faculty before being allowed to continue.

 

Application of M.A. Units and Transfer Units Toward Ph.D. Requirements

With departmental approval, a student’s M.A. units earned here or at another approved institution may be applied toward the Ph.D. requirements. Students should be advised that the Graduate College requires that 30 units of graduate credit must be earned at the University of Arizona. Ph.D. students must also meet residence requirements.

 

Qualifying Examination

The Ph.D. Qualifying Examination in Japanese Linguistics determines if students are equipped with sufficient analytical abilities and background knowledge in the field to allow them to pursue studies in the Ph.D. program. The Qualifying Examination will be conducted before students begin their second semester of study. This examination will entail a written exam based on a reading list. By the beginning of the first semester of their program, students are provided with a reading list. The examination consists of two parts: a closed-book, sit-down exam and an open-book take-home exam. Students will be informed of their performance before the second semester begins.

The Ph.D. Qualifying Examination in Japanese Literature will be given soon after the student’s committee has been constituted, and no later than the end of the second semester of study. The purpose of the exam is to determine the student’s fitness to continue in the Ph.D. program. During the first semester of study, in consultation with their advisors, students will be given a reading list. The qualifying exam will be an oral and written examination based on the reading list and on the 1st major paper (see above).

The committee will complete the “Report on the Qualifying Examination” form to be filed in the departmental office. It will also note the results of the exam and provide the required signatures on the Graduate College’s “Doctoral Degree Study Program” form concerning the Qualifying Exam. Students should consult their advisors regarding specific regulations and the format of the exam.

 

Academic Progress

Each spring the major academic advisor will convene the student’s Committee to assess the student’s progress and to make recommendations to the student. The Committee’s evaluation and its recommendations will be written up and placed in the student’s file in the departmental office. A copy of this record will be given to the student by the major academic advisor.

 

Doctoral Plan of Study

During the third semester in residence, students must file the Doctoral Plan of Study Form, which lists the courses that will comprise the student’s program.

 

Comprehensive Examination

Both the written and the oral portions of the Comprehensive Examination for the PhD Program have a two-fold purpose: to determine students’ (1) competence in their major and minor areas of specialization and (2) readiness to undertake dissertation research.

Timing of Exam: Students normally take the Comprehensive Examination during their third year of study. It is expected that the Comprehensive Examination will be completed within four years of enrollment in the program. Any exceptions must be approved by the department Head. Students ordinarily will have completed all required course work prior to taking the exam, or be in their last semester of classes. Once students have passed the written part of the Comprehensive Examination, they will take a two- to three-hour oral examination covering their papers and general topics in their major and minor. This examination is to be scheduled no sooner than three weeks and no later than six months after the completion of the written portion. The candidate has the responsibility for scheduling both written and oral portions of the examination with the Committee. Students should consult their advisors regarding specific regulations and the format of the exam.

Committee Makeup and Responsibility: The Committee for both the written and oral portions of the exam will be composed of three faculty in the student’s major area of concentration and two faculty in the student’s minor. The student’s advisor serves as the chair of the Committee. The Comprehensive Committee must be approved by the Head. In addition one representative of the graduate college will attend..

Japanese language proficiency requirements must be completed before the Comprehensive Examination is scheduled.

Japanese Literature Ph.D. Comprehensive Examination: The student’s Committee will be the examiners. Students will first be required to submit 3 written papers to the Committee consisting of two papers in the major field, and one paper in one of the minor fields. (The committee will determine, in consultation with the student, which of the minor fields will be tested; in most cases the minor field paper will be in the field of literature.) One of the major papers may be a revised version of a seminar paper; the second major paper will be newly written for the exam on a topic given to the student by the committee. The minor field paper will consist of a paper newly written for the exam. Each paper must receive a grade of “pass” (on a scale of “high pass,” “pass,” “resubmit” or “fail”) for the student to continue with the oral portion of the exam. The oral portion of the exam, generally 2-3 hours in length, will cover the three papers, as well as questions on general topics in Japanese literature and the minor field(s).

Japanese Linguistics Ph.D. Comprehensive Examination: Students turn in two papers to the committee. These papers should be of publishable quality and should represent two separate areas of Japanese linguistics. One of the two papers should be in the student’s specialization. The papers can include M.A. theses, papers written for courses which students have taken, their revisions, or papers newly written for this exam. Each paper must receive a grade of “pass” (on a scale of “high pass,” “pass,” “resubmit” or “fail”) for the student to continue with the oral portion of the exam. Students should prepare this part of exam in close consultation with the chair of the Committee. For the minor, the submission of another written work is required. The specific format of the exam will be different depending on the student’s minor, but it is normally another paper or an examination where students are asked to answer questions given by the committee. If the minor is outside of Japanese linguistics, there may be an examination format imposed by the minor department or program.

 

Languages

Students must attain fluency in Japanese. Depending on the student’s course of study, attainment of proficiency in another language may also be required.

 

Dissertation Proposal

In the selection of the dissertation topic, the same procedure described above for the development of the MA thesis/departmental paper topic should be followed. The dissertation proposal is a 10-20 page double-spaced document laying out the nature of the problem the student intends to focus on for the doctoral dissertation. The proposal demonstrates that (a) the problem selected is of the appropriate scope, importance, and relevance for a dissertation; (b) the student controls the core literature for the topic selected; and (c) the student has selected a reasonable approach (theoretical and methodological) to follow in solving the problem, at least in the initial stages of the research. The student gives a public presentation of the proposal (which should be scheduled once the committee chair agrees the student is ready to present) and then has the proposal approved by the student’s dissertation committee. The presentation and the approval should be completed within three months of the successful completion of the oral comprehensive examination. (If this deadline falls during the summer, it may be extended at the discretion of the dissertation committee).